Profile of Steve Jobs, Son of Muslim Immigrants Who Founded Apple
Behind the glory of Apple, there is the figure of Steve Jobs who started the company from his garage with Steve Wozniak.
Jobs was born in San Francisco, California, United States, on February 24, 1955 to Joanne Schieble and Abdulfattah Jandali, a Muslim immigrant from Syria.
Because the relationship was not approved by her father, Joanne was forced to give up Jobs for adoption shortly after birth.
He was later adopted by his adoptive parents, Paul and Clara Jobs, who changed his birth name from Abdul Lateef Jandali to Steve Paul Jobs. Together with Paul and Clara, he lives in Silicon Valley, the electronics industry district in the US.
As a child, Jobs was known as a nosy but intelligent child, so he was offered to take part in an acceleration program to jump class to high school. But this offer was rejected by Jobs’ parents.
When he was 12 years old, Jobs began to show an interest in technology after seeing a working demonstration of a computer device at the Hewlett-Packard Explorer Club.
Jobs also often attended seminar sessions at the Hewlett-Packard (HP) factory when he was still in high school. On one occasion, he even ventured to ask HP CEO William Hewlett for engine parts.
Impressed by Jobs’ courage, Hewlett then provided the requested engine components. He even offered Jobs an internship during his summer vacation at Hewlett-Packard.
After graduating from Homestead High School in 1972, Jobs began his studies at Reed College, an arts college located in Portland, Oregon.
However, as compiled by KompasTekno from the Encyclopedia of World Biography, Monday (22/3/2021), he only lasted two years there before deciding to leave.
From the garage enter Fortune 500
In 1975, Jobs joined a club known as the Homebrew Computer Club. At the club he then met his high school friend, Steve Wozniak, who was trying to assemble his minicomputer.
Impressed by Wozniac’s innovation, Jobs finally decided to take his friend and form the Apple Computer Company in 1976.
The name was inspired by Jobs’ happy moment one summer when he was spending time picking apples.
With funds from the sale of Jobs’ Volkswagen car and Wozniak’s sophisticated calculator, they succeeded in creating the first computer product called the Apple I. Its form is still a circuit board.
The computer that is offered to hobbyists with a unique price of 666.66 US dollars is actually quite attractive. Apple’s gait continued with the Apple II which was present in 1977.
Compared to its predecessor, this device is more like a modern computer because it has been equipped with a keyboard board and a casing that protects the entire body.
See Photos Apple II(Britannica) The Apple I has succeeded in making the manufacturing company gain revenue. Its sales value in the first year alone reached 2.7 million US dollars.
Three years later, the figure had grown many times over to 200 million US dollars. Apple, the new computer manufacturer at the time, skyrocketed in a short time and is known as one of the most phenomenal growth companies in US history.
Apple’s name is also listed in Fortune magazine’s list of the 500 largest US companies.
Out of Apple because of the Macintosh
Entering the 1980s, the development of the personal computer era was mushrooming. As more competitors emerged, the Apple Computer Company worked harder and harder to stay ahead of the personal computer trend.
Apple Computer Company then launched the Apple III, although its success was not comparable to its predecessor. Due to technical and marketing problems, the device was later recalled for rework.
It was only in 1983, the Apple Computer Company first introduced the Lisa which was quite a hit with a graphical interface (GUI) and a mouse.
Unfortunately, Lisa was not able to make much profit because it was considered more expensive than its competitor, namely International Business Machines (IBM).
In the same year, Apple Computer Company is estimated to lose half of its market share to IBM. The following year, Jobs introduced a new, more revolutionary device, the Macintosh.
However, even though it is priced much cheaper than the Lisa, the sales of the Macintosh can’t be said to be good. The Lisa and Macintosh computers did not sell and piled up in warehouses, making Apple lose money.
Because of the Macintosh affair, Jobs got into an argument with Apple’s CEO at the time, John Sculley. Jobs finally left the company he founded and founded a new computer company called NeXT which focused on the education and business segments.
Despite receiving a positive response, Next’s device failed in the market because it was considered too expensive and had limitations such as a black-and-white screen, could not be connected to other devices, and could not run common applications.
Refusing to give in to the situation, Jobs tried to get back on his feet by acquiring Pixar shares from film director George Lucas in 1986. After being held by Jobs, Pixar began to focus on computer animation.
Nine years later, Pixar finally officially released an animated film titled Toy Story. The first feature-length film made entirely with 3D animation was a huge success.
Pixar then began to continue the next film by working on Toy Story 2 and A Bug’s Life. Both are distributed by Disney and Monsters, Inc.
Back to Apple
In 1996, Apple bought Next for $400 million. Jobs then returned to fill a position at Apple as a part-time consultant until finally being appointed CEO.
1997 marked Apple’s partnership with its biggest competitor, Microsoft. Both are considered to have the same goals in the field of marketing and technology.
In the same year, Jobs announced that Apple would sell its computers directly to users using internet and telephone marketing strategies. This strategy proved successful, leading Jobs to become the interim CEO of Apple.
Jobs then began to introduce the iMac in 1998 at a relatively affordable price. Besides being cheap, the iMac is much loved because it is capable of processing at high speeds.
At the end of 1999, Jobs again successfully raised the name of Apple by launching his first laptop called the iBook.
Entering 2001, Jobs again made a revolutionary breakthrough by introducing iTunes, a music player application that is able to convert music to MP3 digital format.
Still in the same year, Apple began selling a portable MP3 music player called the iPod. With these two “weapons”, Apple quickly led the market.
In 2006, more than one billion songs and videos had been sold on the iTunes Store. In recognition of the company’s business achievements, Jobs changed the name of Apple Computer Company to Apple Inc. on January 9, 2007.
He then introduced the iPhone, a mobile phone with a touch screen in 2007. The iPhone comes with various capabilities including playing MP3 and video as well as accessing the internet.
Died of pancreatic cancer
Entering the age of 48, Jobs was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer which is quite rare. However, he declined the offer of surgery and tried alternative medicine.
One year later in 2004, Jobs finally gave up and agreed to undergo major reconstructive surgery called Whipple surgery. The goal was to remove the tumor lodged in Jobs’ pancreas.
After going through the recovery process, Jobs returned to lead Apple. In 2008, Jobs experienced significant weight loss. This indicates the presence of cancer that grows back.
On January 9, 2009, Jobs promised to return to the company even though he had to be treated for the next few days. One week later, he decided to take a leave of absence from Apple for six months to recover his health.
In June 2009, the Wall Street Journal reported that Jobs had received a liver transplant in April. Jobs then kept his promise to return to Apple before the end of June.
But in August 2011, Jobs officially left the company and was replaced by Tim Cook. Two months later, Jobs was reported dead at his residence in Palo Arto, California.
Before leaving Apple completely, Jobs bequeathed the company’s leadership chair to Tim Cook, who had worked for Apple for 23 years.
Unlike Jobs who often creates new innovations to “kill” his old creations, Cook decided to create a companion for the iPhone.
Despite all the innovations that Apple has created today, Jobs is still remembered as an irreplaceable leader of Apple. As Cook said in a tweet in October 2020.
“A great soul never dies. He unites us again and again. You will always be with us, Steve, your memories are linked and inspire us every day,” Cook wrote.
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